The 6 Circumstances of Using Bergamot Oil (Benefits and Precautions)

Last time, we reviewed the benefits of Argan oil for hair care benefits. Actually, the oils extracted from the natural plants have been widely used in human history, and the nutritional along with the medicinal benefits are getting more and more attention with the aid of modern technology. This time we will introduce a new natural extracted oil - bergamot essential oil - and talk about the 6 circumstances in which this oil can be a good choice.

Bergamot essential oil has been recognized and used for human health and well beings for more than 250 years. With modern technology, the various benefits of this amazing substance have been checked and proved. Based on the big data analytics, bergamot oil has got continually increasing public attention since 2012 in the US and other parts of the world. Here we will cover the benefits and precautions of using bergamot oil.


Bergamot Orange - A Citrus Fruit in Italy

If you are familiar with Italy, you may know the fruit of bergamot orange. The scientific name of bergamot orange is Citrus Bergamia, which belongs to the citrus family with a large variety of juicy fruits such as pomelo, orange, lemon, etc. as its relatives.

The species of the citrus family are easy to hybridize to create new species, but the new species are usually more similar to its smaller and sourer parent. It is considered that the bergamot orange was the hybridization between bitter orange and lemon, which make it not a promising candidate as a favorite fruit. In fact, bergamot orange had long been cultivated just for ornamental purposes. It is only since 1750 that the industrial value of bergamot oil as a perfume supplement began to draw great attention, which made the intentional plantation start to prosper.

The bergamot oil industry has undergone ups and downs along with the human activities in the past 250 years. In good days, bergamot used to be defined as “green gold” because of its handsome profit. The world war II used to hit the industry and the growth of bergamot orange shrink ever since. Recent years, with modern technology, it was checked and discovered that bergamot oil has many beneficial effects to human health, which make people re-examine the value of this special essential oil and promote this old industry shining the new light again.

The Benefits of Bergamot Oil to Human Health

The most common beneficial aspects of bergamot oil that people valued are listed below.
  1. Refreshing aroma - perfume ingredients
  2. Mood moderator
  3. Anti-depression
  4. Relieve emotional and physical pain
  5. Skincare agent
  6. Self-hygiene
  7. Haircare
  8. Anti-bacteria

The aroma of bergamot oil - You should have experienced before

The bergamot orange has inherited the smell of its parent species - the bitter orange and the lemon, which makes its essential oil having a particular scent that is subtle, citrusy, bitter and elegant. The fragrance of bergamot oil can give the user a refreshing aroma with calm, clear and blissful feeling. This particular scent is suitable for most public circumstances and is helpful to social activities. This is the very reason that the bergamot essential oil is widely used as a primary or additional ingredient in the perfumes and deodorants.

Based on the chemical analysis, up to 95% of the ingredients in bergamot oil are volatile, in which limonene, linalyl acetate, and linalool are the top 3 in composition. Limonene is a commonly used fragrance ingredient for cosmetic products, while linalyl acetate is a natural phytochemical which can be used for making advanced essence, and the linalool is one of the topmost consumed ingredient in perfume industry every year. It is found that the composition of the bergamot oil varies with the place of origin and the picking season of the bergamot fruit, which can change the aroma of the essential oil a little bit.

Bergamot oil - an effective mood and emotional moderator


The mood and emotional fluctuation can affect the quality of life and the work efficiency significantly. With bad mood, one may feel lost and vulnerable, and this can even spread and impair the social relations. It is public accepted that the fragrance can influence the mood and emotion of the people around.

Bergamot oil, which creates a feeling of fresh and uplifting, can positively improve the mood of people, and help the user to restore energy and be willing to face challenges in life and work. Based on neurological research, when inhaling a distinctive scent, the brain will receive specific electric signals, and the signals will stimulate a particular part of the brain to make reactions. This part of the brain, named olfactory bulb, is connected to the part of the brain that affects the emotions of people. The scent signals can finally induce the associated emotional changes based on the relations that solidified in the mind out of a process defined as associative learning.

Use bergamot oil to relieve emotional and physical pain

The functions of bergamot oil as a pain reliever lie in two aspects - functional and psychological.

For functional aspects, when you apply bergamot oil on the skin, the volatilization of the essential oil will make the skin feel “cool” and ease the pain. Meanwhile, the anti microorganisms properties of the essential oil can help to prevent deterioration of the symptoms and the recovery process more smooth. Besides, the bergamot oil can moderate the blood circulation and hormone secretion, which can alleviate the feeling of pain and make for better healing.

For psychological aspects, the fragrance of the bergamot oil help to create an uplifting and positive state of mind, which helps people to keep an optimistic attitude towards things. This can decrease the negative feelings of painfulness. Actually, stress, depression, anxiety, etc. can cause headaches and uneasy feeling from inadequate rest, and forming a positive mind may be more effective to counteract pains under these circumstances.

Bergamot oil can be a good toner - but don’t be irritated

The bergamot oil can not only add fragrance to the skin but also help the skin to recover and heal the minor scars and marks. Like other citrus oils, bergamot oil contains rich ascorbic acid, i.e.. Vitamin C, which help to promote the formation of collagen to keep the skin away from wrinkles, and also accelerate the metabolism of the skin cells to help healing the scars and marks. The bergamot oil shows antioxidant properties, which can repair the damage to the skin tissues caused by free radicals, and lower the inflammation. This makes it an excellent choice to help dealing with acne.

The bergamot oil can also serve as a natural astringent. When applying the bergamot oil on the skin, the excess oils will be driven out, and the skin will become dry and tight. With the composition of alpha hydroxy acid (AHA), bergamot oil can speed up the removal of the dead cells, balance the skin pH value, and prepare the skin for the later moisturization process.

Antimicrobial effects of bergamot oil - used in self-hygiene

It was found that workers in a bergamot oil factory tended to recover and heal the injuries on their hands more efficiently and without infection. This suggested that bergamot oil have the potential to act as an antimicrobial agent and a natural substance for personal hygiene.

In fact, essential oils always show wide spectrum antimicrobial properties. The main ingredients in bergamot oil, including limonene, linalyl acetate, and linalool, etc., all have antibacterial and antiseptic attributes. When applying these compounds, the cytoplasmic membrane of the microorganisms will be impaired, and the bergamot oil molecules will accumulate on the membrane, which make the membrane structure unstable and fail to function as a permeability barrier normally. The active substance in the microorganism cells will cross the membrane, which finally causes the death of the cells.

The bergamot oil also shows antifungal capabilities. The oil molecules can damage the membrane of the fungal cells and inhibit the multiplication. Moreover, the compounds in bergamot oil can change the electrochemical properties of the fungal cells and kill the cells in the end.

Bergamot oil for hair care

Bergamot oil can be used for scalp massage. During the massage process, the blood flow in the scalp will be stimulated which is good for hair growth and regrowth. The use of bergamot oil can further enhance this effect, help the nutrients and oxygen to get to the hair follicles more smoothly and make for a thorough absorption. Bergamot oil can also help soothing the scalp, reducing the stress and counteracting the negative feelings of people. A relaxed mind can help to solve the hair problems from inside out eventually.

Furthermore, the antimicrobial properties of bergamot oil can keep a clean and healthy environment for the hair and prevent the bacteria growth. The antioxidant properties of bergamot oil can even protect the hair surface from negative influences of free radicals, chemicals, and the climate.

But, Is bergamot oil toxic? - The side effects

With so many benefits, it should be noted that there should be precautions before using bergamot oil.

One of the drawbacks is that the bergamot oil is somewhat irritating to the skin. As an astringent, the bergamot oil should be used with much dilution; however, for people with sensitive skin or nondurable to irritable toners, it is recommended to go for a milder alternative or with a thorough dilution.

Bergamottin is one of the ingredients that make up the bergamot oil. This substance is sensitive to UV light under the sun, which make the skin more vulnerable to the sunlight. It is advised to check the labels of bergamot oil products and choose those without bergamottin. Meanwhile, it’s better to use bergamot oil for skin care during the night, and use sunscreen during the day to prevent direct influence from the sun.

Besides, as lacking enough clinical evidence, it is recommended not to use bergamot oil for children and women during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

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